Integrative genetic, genomic and transcriptomic analysis of heat shock protein and nuclear hormone receptor gene associations with spontaneous preterm birth

Sci Rep. 2021 Aug 24;11(1):17115. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-96374-9. ABSTRACT Heat shock proteins are involved in the response to stress including activation of the immune response. Elevated circulating heat shock proteins are associated with spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB). Intracellular heat shock proteins act as multifunctional molecular chaperones that regulate activity of nuclear hormone receptors. Since SPTB has […]

Detecting methylation quantitative trait loci using a methylation random field method

Brief Bioinform. 2021 Aug 19:bbab323. doi: 10.1093/bib/bbab323. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT DNA methylation may be regulated by genetic variants within a genomic region, referred to as methylation quantitative trait loci (mQTLs). The changes of methylation levels can further lead to alterations of gene expression, and influence the risk of various complex human diseases. Detecting […]

Functional and structural analyses of novel Smith-Kingsmore Syndrome-Associated MTOR variants reveal potential new mechanisms and predictors of pathogenicity

PLoS Genet. 2021 Jul 1;17(7):e1009651. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1009651. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT Smith-Kingsmore syndrome (SKS) is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by macrocephaly/megalencephaly, developmental delay, intellectual disability, hypotonia, and seizures. It is caused by dominant missense mutations in MTOR. The pathogenicity of novel variants in MTOR in patients with neurodevelopmental disorders can be difficult to […]

Rare deleterious mutations of HNRNP genes result in shared neurodevelopmental disorders

Madelyn A Gillentine Genome Med. 2021 Apr 19;13(1):63. doi: 10.1186/s13073-021-00870-6. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: With the increasing number of genomic sequencing studies, hundreds of genes have been implicated in neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs). The rate of gene discovery far outpaces our understanding of genotype-phenotype correlations, with clinical characterization remaining a bottleneck for understanding NDDs. Most disease-associated Mendelian genes […]

Diagnosis of cytomegalovirus infection from clinical whole genome sequencing

Sci Rep. 2020 Jul 3;10(1):11020. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-67656-5. ABSTRACT Rapid whole genome sequencing (rWGS) of peripheral blood has been used to detect microbial DNA in acute infections. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a herpesvirus capable of causing severe disease in neonates and immunocompromised patients. We identified CMV in patients undergoing diagnostic rWGS by matching reads that did not […]

Elucidating the molecular pathogenesis of glioma: integrated germline and somatic profiling of a familial glioma case series.

Neuro Oncol. 2018 Nov 12;20(12):1625-1633. doi: 10.1093/neuonc/noy119. PMID: 30165405; PMCID: PMC6231201. Abstract Key points: 1. Familial and sporadic gliomas display highly comparable molecular landscapes. 2. Germline and somatic molecular events target common core pathways involved in gliomagenesis. 3. Carriage of germline glioma risk variants is not associated with somatic events in the same gene. PMID: 30165405 | […]

Comprehensive Profiling of DNA Repair Defects in Breast Cancer Identifies a Novel Class of Endocrine Therapy Resistance Drivers

Clin Cancer Res. 2018 Oct 1;24(19):4887-4899. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-17-3702. Epub 2018 May 23. ABSTRACT Purpose: This study was undertaken to conduct a comprehensive investigation of the role of DNA damage repair (DDR) defects in poor outcome ER+ disease. Experimental Design: Expression and mutational status of DDR genes in ER+ breast tumors were correlated with proliferative response […]

Molecular subtyping of tumors from patients with familial glioma

Neuro Oncol. 2018 May 18;20(6):810-817. doi: 10.1093/neuonc/nox192. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Single-gene mutation syndromes account for some familial glioma (FG); however, they make up only a small fraction of glioma families. Gliomas can be classified into 3 major molecular subtypes based on isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) mutation and 1p/19q codeletion. We hypothesized that the prevalence of molecular subtypes […]