Clin Dysmorphol. 2019 Oct;28(4):175-183. doi: 10.1097/MCD.0000000000000282.
Kaufman oculocerebrofacial syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by biallelic variants in UBE3B. Kaufman oculocerebrofacial syndrome is characterized by a recognizable pattern of malformations including moderate to severe intellectual disability, growth deficiency, microcephaly and a distinctive facial gestalt. Common craniofacial features include short upslanting palpebral fissures, blepharophimosis or ptosis, ear anomalies, hearing loss, palate anomalies and stridor/laryngomalacia. The aim of this study was to describe the phenotypic features and the genotype of five new individuals from three unrelated families, and to review systematically the published information of 26 cases. The main features are summarized contributing to further characterize the natural history of the disease. Novel phenotypic features and two novel pathogenic variants in UBE3B are reported: A splice site variant (c.2569-1G > C) and a nonsense variant (c.518C > A, p.Ser173Ter). Kaufman oculocerebrofacial syndrome is likely an underdiagnosed disorder which can be clinically recognized based on its distinctive facial gestalt and relatively homogenous natural history.