Med (N Y). 2022 Nov 11;3(11):740-759. doi: 10.1016/j.medj.2022.08.006.
Genome sequencing in the clinic often allows patients to receive a molecular diagnosis. However, variants are most often evaluated for pathogenicity, neglecting potential treatability and thus often yielding limited clinical benefit. Antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs), among others, offer attractive programmable and relatively safe platforms for customized therapy based upon the causative genetic variant. The landscape of ASO-treatable variants is largely uncharted, with new developments emerging for loss-of-function, haploinsufficient, and gain-of-function effects. ASOs can access the transcriptome to target splice-gain variants, poison exons, untranslated/regulatory regions, and naturally occurring antisense transcripts. Here we assess public variant databases and find that approximately half of pathogenic variants have one or more viable avenues for ASO therapy. The future might see medical teams considering “treatability” when interpreting genomic sequencing results to fully realize benefits for patients.